Zanthoxylum Fruit

(BANM, USAN, rINNM)

💊 Chemical information

Prickly Ash Berries; Zanthoxylum, fruto de.

Pharmacopoeias.

In Chin. and Jpn.

💊 Profile

Zanthoxylum fruit is the pericarp of the ripe fruit of Zanthoxylum piperitum (Xanthoxylum piperitum) (Rutaceae) or other species of Zanthoxylum. It contains about 3.3% v/w of essential oil. Zanthoxylum (BPC 1934) (Toothache Bark; Xanthoxylum) is the dried bark of the northern prickly ash, Z. americanum, or the southern prickly ash, Z. clavaherculis. Both varieties contain a complex mixture of components, including benzophenanthridine alkaloids; northern prickly ash also contains coumarins. Zanthoxylum fruit has carminative properties and has been used for rheumatic disorders. Zanthoxylum bark has been used similarly, but there is some concern about the potential toxicity of the benzophenanthridine alkaloids which it contains, and some authorities consider that it should not be recommended.

💊 Preparations

Proprietary Preparations

Multi-ingredient: Austral.: For Peripheral Circulation Herbal Plus Formula 5; Lifesystem Herbal Formula 6 For Peripheral Circulation†; Uva-Ursi Plus†; Fr.: Node K; Phytheol; UK: Daily Overwork & Mental Fatigue Relief; Peerless Composition Essence; Tabritis.
Published May 08, 2019.