Turpentine Oil

(BAN, rINN)

💊 Chemical information

Pharmacopoeias.

In Chin., Eur., and Jpn.

Ph. Eur. 6.2

(Turpentine Oil, Pinus Pinaster Type; Terebinthini Aetheroleum ab Pinum Pinastrum). An essential oil obtained by steam distillation, followed by rectification at a temperature below 180°, from the oleoresin obtained by tapping Pinus pinaster. A suitable antoxidant may be added. It contains 70.0 to 85.0% αpinene, 0.5 to 1.5% camphene, 11.0 to 20.0% β-pinene, maximum 1% car-3-ene, 0.4 to 1.5% β-myrcene, 1.0 to 7.0% limonene, 0.2 to 2.5% longifolene, 0.1 to 3.0% β-caryophyllene, and maximum 1.0% caryophyllene oxide. A clear, colourless or pale yellow liquid with a characteristic odour. Relative density 0.856 to 0.872. Store in well-filled airtight containers at a temperature not exceeding 25°. Protect from light.

💊 Adverse Effects

In poisoning with turpentine oil there may be local burning and gastrointestinal upset, coughing and choking, pulmonary oedema, excitement, coma, fever, tachycardia, liver damage, haematuria, and albuminuria. Fatalities have occurred. The application to the skin of liniments containing turpentine oil may cause irritation and absorption of large amounts may cause some of the effects listed above. Hypersensitivity reactions and local irritation have been reported.

💊 Uses and Administration

Turpentine oil is widely used as a solvent. It is applied topically as a rubefacient. It is an ingredient of many preparations used in respiratory-tract disorders, but is now judged to be neither safe nor effective.

💊 Preparations

BP 2008: White Liniment.

Proprietary Preparations

Fr.: Ozothine; Ger.: Caprisana†; Port.: Vicks Vaporub. Multi-ingredient: Arg.: Atomo Desinflamante C; Bronco Etersan; Fluido; Notoxin; Otocalmia; Rati Salil Crema; Austral.: Goanna Heat Cream; Goanna Salve; Vicks Vaporub; Austria: Acimont; Baby Luuf; Bronchostop; Carl Baders Divinal; Emser Nasensalbe; Ilon Abszess; Kinder Luuf; LeukonaRheuma-Bad; Luuf Balsam; Pe-Ce; Piniment; Rubriment; Salhumin; Scottopect; Trauma-Salbe warmend; Tussamag; Vulpuran; Wick Vaporub; Belg.: Algis-Spray; Reflexspray; Vicks Vaporub; Braz.: A Curitybina; Aliviol; Analgen†; Angino-Rub; Benegel; Frixopel; Gelflex; Gelofrix; Gelol†; Gelonevral†; Massageol; Mentalol†; Mialgex†; Nevrol; Oleo Eletrico†; Salimetin†; Traumac; Traumagel; Vick Vaporub; Canad.: Cal Mo Dol; Cerumol; Chile: Balsamo Leon†; Calorub Nueva Formula; Hansaplast Descongestionante; Mentobalsam; Cz.: Ilon Abszess; Viprosal B†; Fin.: Vicks Vaporub; Fr.: Dinacode†; Lumbalgine; Ozothine; Ozothine a la Diprophylline; Vicks Vaporub; Ger.: Em-eukal†; Emser Nasensalbe N†; Erkaltungsbalsam-ratiopharm E Salbe†; Hevertopect; Hevertopect N†; Ilon Abszess; LeukonaRheuma-Bad N†; Leukona-Rheumasalbe†; Ozothin†; tactu-mobil; Tetesept Badekonzentrat Erkaltungs Bad N†; Trauma-Salbe Rodler 302 N†; Wick Vaporub; Gr.: Deep Heat; Faragel-Forte; India: Clearwax; Flexi-muv; Waxolve; Indon.: Opino; Sloan’s Liniment; Israel: Deep Heat Rub; Ment-OCap; Ital.: Capsolin; Vicks Vaporub; Malaysia: Thermorub; Neth.: Luuf Verkoudheidsbalsem; Luuf Verkoudheidsbalsem (voor babies); Luuf Verkoudheidsbalsem (voor Kinderen); Vicks Vaporub; NZ: Vicks Vaporub; Pol.: Analgol; Analgolan; Capsigel N; Deep Heat†; Derhotill; Dip Hot; Herbolen; Inhalol; Neo-Capsiderm; Pulmonil; Reumatik; Rub-Arom; Wick Vaporub; Port.: Balsamo Analgesico Basi; Balsamo Analgesico Labesfal; Calicida Indiano; Freimax†; Lauromentol†; Rus.: Capsicam (Капсикам); Carmolis Fluid (Кармолис Жидкость)†; Doktor Mom (Доктор Мом); Olimetin (Олиметин)†; Suprima-Plus (Суприма-Плюс); Viprosal B (Випросал В); S.Afr.: Balsem Sulphuris; Deep Heat Rub; Haarlemensis; Puma Balm; Respisniffers; Sloan’s Liniment Rub; Vicks Vaporub; Woodwards Inhalant; Spain: Dologex†; Embrocacion Gras; Linimento Klari†; Masagil; Otocerum; Reflex; Termosan; Swed.: Vicks Vaporub†; Switz.: Alginex†; Baume du Chalet; Carmol; Cerumenol; Eucapinol; Frixo-Dragon Vert†; Knobel Huile N; Makaphyt Baume†; Massorax†; Pinimenthol†; PO-HO bleu; Pommade au Baume; Vicks Vaporub N; Thai.: Stopain; Tiffyrub†; Turk.: Algo-Wax; Bugumentol; Buguseptil; Capsalgine; Gelocaps; Kataljin; Vicks Vaporub; UK: Deep Heat Rub; Dragon Balm; Ellimans; Goddards Embrocation; Gonne Balm; Modern Herbals Muscular Pain; Nasciodine; Nine Rubbing Oils; Vicks Vaporub; Waxwane†; USA: Vicks Vaporub; Venez.: Friccion Aromatica.
Published May 08, 2019.