💊 Chemical information
Benjoim; Benjoin; Benjoin de sumatra; Benjuí, bálsamo de; Benzoë; Benzoe sumatranus; Benzoin; Benzoina; Gum Benjamin; Gum Benzoin; Styrax tonkinensis et Styrax benzoin.
CAS — 9000-05-9.
Pharmacopoeias.In Eur. and Jpn. US allows both Siam benzoin and Sumatra benzoin under the title Benzoin.
Ph. Eur. 6.2(Sumatra Benzoin). A resin obtained by incising the trunk of Styrax benzoin. It contains 25 to 50% of total acids, calculated as benzoic acid (dried drug). Creamy white, rounded to ovoid tears, which may be embedded in a dull, greyish-brown or reddish-brown matrix. It is hard and brittle and the fractured surface is dull and uneven.
USP 31(Benzoin). A balsamic resin from Styrax paralleloneurus or S. benzoin (Styracaceae). It yields not less than 75% of alcohol-soluble extractive. It occurs as blocks or lumps of variable size made up of tears, compacted together, with a reddish-brown, reddish-grey, or greyish-brown resinous mass. The tears are externally yellowish or rusty brown, milky white on fresh fracture, hard and brittle at ordinary temperatures but softened by heat. It has an aromatic and balsamic odour. When heated it does not emit a pinaceous odour. When digested with boiling water, the odour suggests cinnamates or storax.
Sumatra benzoin is an ingredient of inhalations which are used in the treatment of catarrh of the upper respiratory tract. Sumatra benzoin is also used in topical preparations for its antiseptic and protective properties. Skin sensitisation has been reported. Preparations of Sumatra and Siam benzoins are used in aromatherapy.
BP 2008: Benzoin Inhalation; Compound Benzoin Tincture; BPC 1954: Compound Iodoform Paint; Ph. Eur.: Benzoin Tincture, Sumatra; USP 31: Compound Benzoin Tincture; Podophyllum Resin Topical Solution. Proprietary PreparationsMulti-ingredient: Austral.: Nappy-Mate†; Belg.: Borostyrol; Braz.: Inhadrina†; Inhalante Yatropan; Micoz†; Canad.: Cold Sore Lotion; Lotion pour Feux Sauvages†; Fr.: Balsofumine; Balsofumine Mentholee; Ger.: Nur 1 Tropfen medizinisches Mundwasser†; Israel: Kank-A; Ital.: Citrosil Nubesan; Fomentil; NZ: Cold Sore; Port.: Vaporil; S.Afr.: Turulington Tincture; Switz.: Baume†; Pommade au Baume; Turk.: Buguseptil; Rinolar; UK: Allens Dry Tickly Cough; Frador; Kilkof; Potters Strong Bronchial Catarrh Pastilles; Potters Sugar Free Cough Pastilles; Snowfire; Throaties Pastilles; USA: Pfeiffer’s Cold Sore; Venez.: Aftil; Podoben†.
Published May 08, 2019.