Storax

(USAN, rINNM)

💊 Chemical information

Balsamum Styrax Liquidus; Estoraque; Estoraque Líquido; Liquid Storax; Styrax.

Pharmacopoeias.

In Chin. and US.

USP 31

(Storax). The balsam obtained from the trunk of Liquidambar orientalis (Levant storax) or L. styraciflua (American storax) (Hamamelidaceae). It is a semiliquid greyish to greyishbrown, sticky, opaque mass depositing on standing a heavy dark brown layer (Levant storax), or semisolid, sometimes a solid mass, softened by gently heating (American storax). It is transparent in thin layers, has a characteristic odour, and is more dense than water. Insoluble in water; soluble, usually incompletely, in an equal weight of warm alcohol; soluble in acetone, in carbon disulfide, and in ether, some insoluble residue usually remaining.

💊 Profile

Storax has actions similar to those of Peru balsam. Purified storax or prepared storax was formerly applied as an ointment in the treatment of parasitic skin diseases. Storax has a mild antiseptic action and is an ingredient of some preparations for upper respiratory-tract disorders and for application to skin and mucous membranes. Skin sensitisation has been reported.

💊 Preparations

BP 2008: Benzoin Inhalation; Compound Benzoin Tincture; BPC 1954: Compound Iodoform Paint; USP 31: Compound Benzoin Tincture. Proprietary PreparationsMulti-ingredient: Fr.: Phytolithe†; NZ: Frador; S.Afr.: Turulington Tincture; UK: Frador.
Published May 08, 2019.