Sodium Carbonate Monohydrate

(USAN, rINNM)

💊 Chemical information

Carbonato de sodio monohidratado; E500; Natrii carbonas monohydricus; Natrio karbonatas monohidratas; Natriumkarbonaattimonohydraatti; Nátrium-karbonát-monohidrát; Natriumkarbonatmonohydrat; Sodium (carbonate de) monohydraté; Sodu węglan jednowodny; Uhličitan sodný monohydrát.
Chemical formula: Na2CO3,H2O = 124.0.
CAS — 5968-11-6.

Pharmacopoeias.

In Eur.. USNF allows the anhydrous substance or the monohydrate.

Ph. Eur. 6.2

(Sodium Carbonate Monohydrate). A white or almost white, crystalline powder or colourless crystals. Freely soluble in water; practically insoluble in alcohol. A 10% solution in water is strongly alkaline. Store in airtight containers.

USNF 26

(Sodium Carbonate). Colourless crystals, or white, crystalline powder or granules. When exposed to dry air above 50°, it effloresces and at 100° it becomes anhydrous. Soluble 1 in 3 of water and 1 in 1.8 of boiling water.

💊 Profile

Sodium carbonate is used in antacid preparations. Anhydrous sodium carbonate and the monohydrate are also used as reagents. The decahydrate has been used in alkaline baths. Sodium carbonate in its anhydrous or hydrated form is also used as a water softener. Sodium carbonate may be irritating or mildly corrosive to skin, mucous membranes, and eyes.

💊 Preparations

BPC 1973: Surgical Chlorinated Soda Solution; USP 31: Citric Acid, Magnesium Oxide, and Sodium Carbonate Irrigation. Proprietary PreparationsMulti-ingredient: Arg.: Alikal; Otocalmia Biotic; Otocerol; Otoclean Gotas Oticas; Sal de Fruta Eno; Sincerum; Uvasal; Yasta; Austral.: Eno; Braz.: Digestbem; Sal de Fruta Eno; Sonrisal; Fr.: Bactident; Hydralin; Hong Kong: Eno†; Hydralin; Irl.: Cymalon; Israel: Eno; Urikal; Ital.: Gastrotuss; Port.: Eno; Gastropensan; Spain: Sal de Fruta Eno; Tanasid†; Switz.: Saltrates Rodell†; UK: Cymalon; Eno; Resolve; Venez.: Eno.
Published May 08, 2019.