Chemical information

Caoutchouc; Caucho; India-Rubber.


Rubber consists of the prepared latex of Hevea brasiliensis and other species of Hevea (Euphorbiaceae). It is used as a component of many medical devices such as catheters, syringes, enema tips, ostomy bags, balloons, and surgical gloves. Hypersensitivity reactions have occurred after direct contact of skin and mucous membranes with rubber components of such products and also after indirect contact with preparations stored in or given by them; deaths have been reported. Reactions have been attributed either to protein components of the rubber or to additives such as preservatives or vulcanisation accelerators. For references to glove starch powder as a possible risk factor in the development of rubber latex allergy, see Glove Powder under Adverse Effects of Starch. Cross-sensitivity between rubber proteins and those of certain fruits, including bananas and chestnuts, has been reported.
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Published May 08, 2019.