Olive Oil

(BAN, rINN)

💊 Chemical information

Aceite de oliva; Alyvuogiu aliejus; Azeite; Huile d’Olive; Olej z oliwek; Oliiviöljy; Olivae oleum; Olivaolaj; Olive, huile d’; Olivenöl; Olivolja; Olivový olej.

Pharmacopoeias.

In Jpn. Also in USNF. Eur. includes monographs for virgin olive oil and refined olive oil.

Ph. Eur. 6.2 (Olive Oil, Virgin; Olivae Oleum Virginale). The fatty oil obtained by cold expression or other suitable mechanical means from the ripe drupes of Olea europaea. It is a clear, yellow or greenish-yellow, transparent liquid with a characteristic odour. When cooled it begins to become cloudy at 10° and becomes a butter-like mass at 0°. Practically insoluble in alcohol; miscible with petroleum spirit (50° to 70°). Store in well-filled containers at a temperature not exceeding 25°. Protect from light.

Ph. Eur. 6.2 (Olive Oil, Refined; Olivae Oleum Raffinatum). The fatty oil obtained by refining of crude olive oil. A suitable antoxidant may be added. It is a clear, colourless, or greenish-yellow, transparent liquid. When cooled it begins to become cloudy at 10° and becomes a butter-like mass at about 0°. Practically insoluble in alcohol; miscible with petroleum spirit (50° to 70°). Store in well-filled containers at a temperature not exceeding 25°. Protect from light. Store under an inert gas if intended for use in the manufacture of parenteral dosage forms.

USNF 26

(Olive Oil). The fixed oil obtained from the ripe fruits of Olea europaea (Oleaceae). It may contain suitable antoxidants. It is a pale yellow, or light greenish-yellow, oily liquid, having a slight characteristic odour. Slightly soluble in alcohol; miscible with carbon disulfide, with chloroform, and with ether. Store in airtight containers at a temperature not exceeding 40°.

💊 Profile

When taken internally, olive oil is nutrient, demulcent, and mildly laxative. It may also be given rectally (100 to 500 mL warmed to about 32°) to soften impacted faeces. Externally, olive oil is emollient and soothing to inflamed surfaces, and is used to soften the skin and crusts in eczema and psoriasis, and as a lubricant for massage. It is used to soften ear wax. Olive oil is used in the preparation of liniments, ointments, plasters, and soaps; it is also used as a vehicle for oily suspensions for injection. Epidemiological evidence points to the cardiovascular benefits of olive oil in the diet. Olive leaf is used in herbal medicine.

💊 Preparations

BP 2008: Olive Oil Ear Drops.

Proprietary Preparations

Mex.: Oleomed†. Multi-ingredient: Arg.: Calculina†; Clinoleic; Austral.: Gold Cross BOZ Ointment†; Snor-Away†; Austria: Clinoleic; OliClinomel; SMOFlipid; Braz.: Quelodin†; Cz.: Clinoleic; OliClinomel; SMOFlipid; Denm.: Clinoleic; OliClinomel; SMOFlipid; Fin.: Clinoleic; OliClinomel; Fr.: Clinoleic; Maghora; OliClinomel; Ger.: Clinoleic; OliClinomel; SMOFlipid; Gr.: Clinoleic; OliClinomel; SMOFlipid; Hung.: OliClinomel; SMOFlipid; Israel: Clinoleic; Ital.: Acumel; Clinoleic; OliClinomel; Mex.: Clinoleic†; Neth.: Clinoleic; OliClinomel; SMOFlipid; Norw.: SMOFlipid; NZ: Snorenz; Pol.: Clinoleic; SMOFlipid; Port.: Clinoleic; OliClinomel; Rus.: Olimetin (Олиметин)†; Spain: Aceite Acalorico; Clinoleic; Natusor High Blood Pressure†; OliClinomel; Tensiben†; Swed.: Clinoleic; OliClinomel; SMOFlipid; Switz.: Clinoleic; OliClinomel; Thai.: OliClinomel; UK: Clinoleic; OliClinomel; SMOFlipid; Snor-Away.
Published May 08, 2019.