Myrrh

(USAN)
Synonyms: Gum Myrrh; Gummiresina Myrrha; Mira; Mirhami; Mirra; Mirrha; Myrhovníková klejopryskyřice; Myrra; Myrrha; Myrrhe.
Cyrillic synonym: Мирра.

💊 Chemical information

CAS — 9000-45-7 (Myrrh); 8016-37-3 (myrrh oil).

Pharmacopoeias.

In Eur. and US.

Ph. Eur. 6.2

(Myrrh). A gum-resin, hardened in air, obtained from the stem and branches of Commiphora molmol and/or other species of Commiphora. Protect from light.

USP 31

(Myrrh). The oleo-gum resin obtained from the stems and branches of Commiphora molmol and other related species of Commiphora (Burseraceae) other than C. mukul. Store in airtight containers in a dry place.

💊 Profile

The principal source of myrrh is Commiphora myrrha (C. molmol) (Burseraceae). Myrrh is astringent to mucous membranes; the tincture is used in mouthwashes and gargles for inflammatory disorders of the mouth and pharynx. It has also been used as a carminative. Myrrh has been tried in the treatment of schistosomiasis and fascioliasis. Myrrh oil is used in aromatherapy. Contact dermatitis has been reported.

Helminth infections.

Myrrh was of benefit in a small study1of 7 patients with fascioliasis and in another study2 of 204 patients with schistosomiasis. However, it showed low cure rates in the treatment of schistosomiasis when compared with praziquantel.3,4
1. Massoud A, et al. Preliminary study of therapeutic efficacy of a new fasciolicidal drug derived from Commiphora molmol (myrrh). Am J Trop Med Hyg 2001; 65: 96–9
2. Sheir Z, et al. A safe, effective, herbal antischistosomal therapy derived from myrrh. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2001; 65: 700–4
3. Botros S, et al. Efficacy of mirazid in comparison with praziquantel in Egyptian Schistosoma mansoni-infected school children and households. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2005; 72: 119–23
4. Barakat R, et al. Efficacy of myrrh in the treatment of human schistosomiasis mansoni. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2005; 73: 365–7.

💊 Preparations

Ph. Eur.: Myrrh Tincture; USP 31: Myrrh Topical Solution.

Proprietary Preparations

Ger.: Inspirol P; Rus.: Myrtoplex (Миртоплекс). Multi-ingredient: Arg.: Parodontax Fluor; Austral.: Eczema Relief; Austria: Brady’s-Magentropfen; Dentinox; Paradenton; Parodontax; Braz.: Paratonico; Parodontax; Canad.: Lotion pour Feux Sauvages†; Chile: Astrijesan; Cz.: Dr Theiss Rheuma Creme†; Dr Theiss Schweden Krauter; Dr Theiss Schwedenbitter; Original Schwedenbitter; Denm.: Dolodent; Ger.: Ad-Muc†; Infi-tract†; Mint-Lysoform; Myrrhinil-Intest; Ratanhia comp; Repha-Os; Hong Kong: Ad-Muc; Israel: Parodontax†; Ital.: Gengivario†; Rus.: Original Grosser Bittner Balsam (Оригинальный Большой Бальзам Биттнера); S.Afr.: Helmontskruie; Lewensessens; Spain: Buco Regis; Switz.: Baume†; Eubucal†; GU Eau†; Parodontax F†; Parodontax†; Pommade au Baume; Sanogencive; UK: Herbal Indigestion Naturtabs; HRI Golden Seal Digestive; Indigestion and Flatulence; Vocalzone; Wind & Dyspepsia Relief; Venez.: One Drop Spray†.
Published May 08, 2019.