Monosodium Glutamate

(rINN)

💊 Chemical information

Chinese Seasoning; E621; Glutamato monosódico; MSG; Natrii Glutamas; Sodium Glutamate. Sodium hydrogen aminoglutarate monohydrate.
Chemical formula: C5H8NNaO4,H2O = 187.1.
CAS — 142-47-2 (anhydrous monosodium glutamate).

Pharmacopoeias.

In Chin. Also in USNF.

USNF 26

(Monosodium Glutamate). White, practically odourless, free-flowing crystals or crystalline powder. It may have either a slightly sweet or slightly salty taste. Freely soluble in water; sparingly soluble in alcohol. pH of a 5% solution in water is between 6.7 and 7.2. Store in airtight containers.

💊 Profile

Monosodium glutamate is widely used as a flavour enhancer and imparts a meaty flavour. In susceptible individuals, ingestion of foods containing monosodium glutamate may cause MSG symptom complex, a condition characterised by burning sensations, or numbness, in the back of the neck and arms, tingling or warmth or weakness in the face, back and neck, facial pressure, chest pain, headache, nausea, drowsiness or weakness. In patients with asthma, who may be predisposed to develop this condition, bronchospasm may occur. The symptoms tend to occur within an hour of eating 3 g or more of monosodium glutamate on an empty stomach.

💊 Preparations

Proprietary Preparations

Multi-ingredient: Chile: Glutacyl Vitaminado; Thai.: Hemo-Cyto-Serum.
Published May 08, 2019.