Lemon Oil

(USAN, rINN)

💊 Chemical information

Aetheroleum Citri; Citri Etheroleum; Citrinu eterinis aliejus; Citromolaj; Citron, huile essentielle de; Citronenöl; Citronolja; Citronová silice; Esencia de Cidra; Essence de Citron; Essência de Limão; Limón, aceite esencial de; Limonis aetheroleum; Ol.
Limon.; Olejek cytrynowy; Oleum Citri; Oleum Limonis; Sitruunaöljy.

Pharmacopoeias.

In Eur.. Also in USNF.

Ph. Eur. 6.2

(Lemon Oil). The essential oil obtained by suitable mechanical means without the aid of heat from the fresh peel of Citrus limon. It contains a maximum of 0.5% β-caryophyllene, 0.5 to 2.3% geranial, 0.1 to 0.8% geranyl acetate, 56.0 to 78.0% limonene, 0.3 to 1.5% neral, 0.2 to 0.9% neryl acetate, 7.0 to 17.0% β-pinene, 1.0 to 3.0% sabinene, 6.0 to 12.0% γ-terpinene, and a maximum of 0.6% α-terpineol. A clear mobile pale yellow to greenish-yellow liquid with a characteristic odour. It may become cloudy at low temperatures. Store in well-filled airtight containers at a temperature not exceeding 25°. Protect from light. Where applicable the label should state that the contents are Italian-type lemon oil.

USNF 26

(Lemon Oil). The volatile oil obtained by expression, without the aid of heat, from the fresh peel of the fruit of Citrus × limon (Rutaceae), with or without the previous separation of the pulp and the peel. The total aldehyde content, calculated as citral, is not less than 2.2% and not more than 3.8% for California-type lemon oil, and not less than 3.0% and not more than 5.5% for Italian-type lemon oil. Store in well-filled airtight containers.

💊 Profile

Lemon oil is chiefly used in perfumery and as a flavour. It is used in the preparation of terpeneless lemon oil (below). It has also been used with other volatile agents in rubefacient preparations and preparations for respiratory-tract disorders. Both lemon oil and lemon petitgrain oils (prepared from the leaves and twigs) are used in aromatherapy. Photosensitivity reactions and contact dermatitis have been reported.

💊 Preparations

BP 2008: Aromatic Ammonia Spirit; USNF 26: Compound Orange Spirit. Proprietary PreparationsMulti-ingredient: Austral.: Genuine Australian Eucalyptus Drops†; Austria: Spasmo Claim; Canad.: SH-206; Chile: Agua del Carmen; Agua Melisa Carminativa; Cz.: Amol; Coldastop; Fr.: Ephydrol; Poudre du Marcheur; Ger.: Amol Heilkrautergeist N; Babix-Wundsalbe N†; GeloSitin; Melissengeist; Indon.: OBH; Israel: Garonsept; Ital.: Esoklin; Valda Timo e Limone; Venalta; NZ: Electric Blue Headlice; Lemsip Dry Cough†; Pol.: Amol; Argol Essenza Balsamica; Argol Grip; Argol Rheuma; Aromatol; Carmolis; Rus.: Carmolis (Кармолис)†; S.Afr.: Balsem Vita GEEL; Balsem Vita ROOI; Spiritus Contra Tussim Drops; Switz.: Alcoolat de Melisse†; Carmol; Neo-Angin au miel et citron; Perskindol Classic; Pirom; Sansilla; Sibrovita; UK: Melissa Comp.; USA: Mexsana.
Published May 08, 2019.