Geranium Oil

(BAN, USAN, rINN)
Synonyms: Aetheroleum Pelargonii; Geranii Etheroleum; Geranio, aceite esencial de; Geraniová silice; Oleum Geranii; Pelargonium Oil; Rose Geranium Oil.
Cyrillic synonym: Гераниевое Масло.

Profile

Geranium oil is a volatile oil obtained by distillation from the aerial parts of various species and hybrid forms of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae). It contains geraniol. It is used to perfume various preparations and has been included in insect repellent preparations. It is also used in aromatherapy.

Adverse effects.

Allergic reactions have been reported1 with herbal preparations containing extracts of Pelargonium sidoides and P. reniforme used for respiratory-tract infections.
1. de Boer HJ, et al. Allergic reactions to medicines derived from Pelargonium species. Drug Safety 2007; 30: 677–80.

Postherpetic neuralgia.

A study1 involving 30 patients has indicated that topically applied geranium oil is of benefit in the management of the pain of postherpetic neuralgia. Pain relief was obtained within a few minutes but further study is required to determine the duration of effect beyond 1 hour. Adverse effects were considered to be minor and included burning in the eye, skin rash, and lightheadedness.
1. Greenway FL, et al. Temporary relief of postherpetic neuralgia pain with topical geranium oil. Am J Med 2003; 115: 586–7.

Preparations

Proprietary Preparations

Braz.: Kaloba; Umckan; Ger.: Umckaloabo; Ital.: Entom Nature; Mex.: Umckaloabo; Rus.: Umckalor (Умкалор); UK: Kaloba; Venez.: Kaloba. Multi-ingredient: Fr.: Acarcid†; Sedermyl Actifroid; Ger.: Rosatum Heilsalbe; Ital.: Air Citronella†; Dentosan Azione Intensiva; Dentosan Mese; Mistick Verde; Otosan Natural Ear Drops†; NZ: Mr Nits; UK: Medicated Extract of Rosemary; Nostroline; Teenstick.
Published May 08, 2019.