Formic Acid

Formic Acid Chemical formula

💊 Chemical information

Ácido amínico; Ácido formílico; Acidum Formicum; Ameisensäure; Aminic Acid; E236; E238 (calcium formate); E237 (sodium formate); Fórmico, ácido; Kwas mrówkowy.
Chemical formula: CH2O2 = 46.03.
CAS — 64-18-6.
ATC Vet — QP53AG01.


In Pol.

💊 Profile

Formic acid resembles acetic acid in its properties but is more irritating and pungent. The acid and its sodium and calcium salts are used as preservatives in food. Solutions containing about 60% formic acid have been marketed for the removal of lime scale from kettles. Formic acid has also been used for the removal of tattoos. It is an ingredient of some external preparations promoted for the relief of musculoskeletal and joint disorders, and has been used with benzyl alcohol to aid the removal of nits. All 3 patients died between 5 and 14 days after admission to hospital. A further report of 53 cases of formic acid ingestion included 15 fatalities.2
1. Naik RB, et al. Ingestion of formic acid-containing agents — report of three fatal cases. Postgrad Med J 1980; 56: 451–6
2. Rajan N, et al. Formic acid poisoning with suicidal intent: a report of 53 cases. Postgrad Med J 1985; 61: 35–6.

💊 Preparations

Proprietary Preparations

Multi-ingredient: Austria: Acimont; Berggeist; Ital.: Rubjovit; Switz.: Fortalis.
Published May 08, 2019.