Fennel Oil

(rINN)

💊 Chemical information

Pharmacopoeias.

In Eur. and Jpn. Also in USNF.

Ph. Eur. 6.2

(Bitter-Fennel Fruit Oil; Foeniculi Amari Fructus Aetheroleum). The essential oil obtained by steam distillation from the ripe fruits of Foeniculum vulgare, subsp. vulgare, var. vulgare. It contains 12.0 to 25.0% fenchone and 55.0 to 75.0% anethole. A clear, colourless or pale yellow liquid with a characteristic odour. Store in well-filled, airtight containers at a temperature not exceeding 25°. Protect from light.

USNF 26

(Fennel Oil). The volatile oil distilled with steam from the dried, ripe fruit of Foeniculum vulgare (Apiaceae). Congealing temperature not lower than 3°. Soluble 1 in 1 of alcohol (90%). If solid matter has separated, carefully warm the oil until it is completely liquefied, and mix before using. Store in airtight containers.

💊 Profile

Fennel oil is used as an aromatic flavour and carminative (but see the comment under Fennel, above); the German expert committee for herbal drugs and preparations (Commission E) considers that the use of fennel oil in infants and toddlers is contra-indicated. It is also used in herbal remedies for respiratory-tract disorders and in aromatherapy.

💊 Preparations

Proprietary Preparations

Belg.: Babyfen; Ger.: Stern Biene Fenchelsirup†; Rus.: Plantex (Плантекс). Multi-ingredient: Austria: Eucarbon; Luuf-Hustentee; Nesthakchen; Sabatif; Spasmo Claim; Canad.: Chase Kolik Gripe Water Alcohol-Free; Chile: Calmatol; Cz.: Biotussil; Bronchosan; Contraspan†; Herbadent; Naturident†; Ophthalmo-Septonex; Solutan†; Ger.: Cystium-wern†; Em-eukal Husten- und Brusttee†; Ephepect-Pastillen N; Euflat I†; Floradix Multipretten N; Gastricard†; Gastrysat; Hevertopect N†; Majocarmin forte†; Nierentee 2000†; Pulmocordio mite SL†; ratioGast†; Salviathymol N; Hong Kong: Magesto; Indon.: Minyak Telon; Israel: Novicarbon; Ital.: Relaxcol; Malaysia: Eucarbon†; Pol.: Woodwards Gripe Water; S.Afr.: Borsdruppels; Oleum Salviae Comp; Switz.: Flatulex; Huile Po-Ho A. Vogel; Laxasan; Thai.: Gas-Nep; Magesto; Turk.: Eucarbon.
Published May 08, 2019.