Fennel

(rINN)

💊 Chemical information

Édesköménytermés (bitter fennel); Fänkål, bitter (bitter fennel); Fänkål, söt (sweet fennel); Fenchel; Fenkoli, karvas (bitter fennel); Fenkoli, makea (sweet fennel); Fennel Fruit; Fennel Seed; Fenouil; Fenouil Amer; Fenouil amer, fruit de (bitter fennel); Fenouil doux, fruit de (sweet fennel); Foeniculi amari fructus (bitter fennel); Foeniculi dulcis fructus (sweet fennel); Foeniculum; Fruto de Hinojo; Funcho; Hinojo; Kartieji pankoliu vaisiai (bitter fennel); Kerti édesköménytermés (sweet fennel); Owoc kopru włoskiego (bitter fennel); Plod fenyklu obecného pravého (bitter fennel); Plod fenyklu obecného sladkého (sweet fennel); Saldieji pankoliu vaisiai (sweet fennel).

Pharmacopoeias.

In Chin., Eur., and Jpn.

Ph. Eur. 6.2 (Fennel, Bitter; Foeniculi Amari Fructus). It consists of the dry, cremocarps and mericarps of Foeniculum vulgare, subsp. vulgare, var. vulgare. It contains not less than 4.0% v/w of essential oil, calculated with reference to the anhydrous drug. The oil contains not less than 60.0% of anethole and not less than 15.0% of fenchone. Bitter fennel is greenish-brown, brown, or green. Protect from light and moisture.

Ph. Eur. 6.2 (Fennel, Sweet; Foeniculi Dulcis Fructus). It consists of the dry, cremocarps and mericarps of Foeniculum vulgare, subsp. vulgare, var. dulce. It contains not less than 2.0% v/w of essential oil, calculated with reference to the anhydrous drug. The oil contains not less than 80.0% of anethole. Sweet fennel is pale green or pale yellowish-brown. Protect from light and moisture.

💊 Profile

Fennel is the source of fennel oil (below). It is used as a flavour and carminative, although the efficacy of such traditional remedies in infant colic is considered dubious. It is also used in herbal remedies for respiratorytract disorders.

💊 Preparations

Proprietary Preparations

Cz.: Fenyklovy Caj; Gallentee†; Rus.: Plantex (Плантекс). Multi-ingredient: Arg.: Arceligasol; Austral.: Bupleurum Compound; Crampeze Stomach Cramps; Digestive Aid; Austria: Brady’s-Magentropfen; Euka; Illings Bozner Maycur-Tee†; Laxalpin; Mag Kottas Krauterexpress Abfuhrtee; Mag Kottas May-Cur-Tee; Nesthakchen; Planta Lax; Species Carvi comp†; Canad.: Herbal Laxative; Herbal Laxative plus Yogurt; Thunas Laxative†; Chile: Instalax; Reduc-Te; Cz.: Blahungstee N†; Bronchialtee N†; Cajova Smes pri Nachlazeni; Carminativum Babynos†; Detska Cajova Smes; Detsky Caj s Hermankem; Diabetan; Erkaltungstee†; Nervova Cajova Smes; Projimava; Pulmoran; Reduktan; Species Pectorales Planta; Stoffwechseltee N†; Stomaran; Ungolen†; Zaludecni Cajova Smes; Fr.: Benetransit; Bolcitol; Mediflor Tisane Contre la Constipation Passagere No 7; Mediflor Tisane Digestive No 3; Mediflor Tisane No 4 Diuretique; Ger.: Carminativum Babynos†; Carminativum-Hetterich; Em-eukal Husten- und Brusttee†; Em-medical†; Floradix Multipretten N; Gallexier; Gastricholan-L; Gastrol S†; Kneipp Husten- und Bronchial-Tee; Leber-Galle-Tropfen 83†; Lomatol†; Majocarmin-Tee; Pascopankreat novo†; Presselin Blahungs K 4 N†; Presselin Dyspeptikum†; Presselin Stoffwechsel-Tee Hapeka 225 N†; Ramend Krauter†; Stovalid N†; Israel: Jungborn; Ital.: Actenacol; Altea (Specie Composta)†; Anice (Specie Composta)†; Cadifen; Cadimint; Colimil; Dicalmir; Epagest†; Evamilk; Relaxcol; Senna-Specie Composta†; Timo (Specie Composta)†; Jpn: The Guard Seichojo; Malaysia: Eyebright Plus†; Pol.: Amarosal; Diges-Tonic; Rhelax; Salviasept; Sirupus Pini Compositus; Sirupus Tussipini; Sirupus Tussipini D; Rus.: Insti (Инсти); Spain: Crislaxo; Himelan†; Natusor Aerofane†; Natusor Malvasen†; Senalsor†; Switz.: Kernosan Elixir; Kernosan Heidelberger Poudre; Tisane favorisant l’allaitement; Tisane laxative; Tisane pectorale et antitussive; Tisane pour nourissons et enfants; UK: Cleansing Herbs; Herbal Indigestion Naturtabs; Indigestion and Flatulence; Lion Cleansing Herbs; Lustys Herbalene; Out-of-Sorts; Revitonil; Senokot Dual Relief; Sure-Lax (Herbal).
Published May 08, 2019.