Synonyms: Nitrous Acid Ethyl Ester; Nitrous Ether.
Cyrillic synonym: Этилнитрит.
💊 Chemical information
Chemical formula: C2H5NO2 = 75.07.
CAS — 109-95-5.
NOTE. Do not confuse with O-nitrosoethanol, a substance that has been referred to in the literature as ‘ethyl nitrite gas’.
Ethyl nitrite has vasodilator effects similar to other volatile nitrites. Alcoholic solutions of ethyl nitrite (Ethyl Nitrite Spirit; Nitrous Ether Spirit; Sweet Nitre Spirit; Sp. Aether. Nitros.) have been used as a diaphoretic in the treatment of colds and fevers.
◊ Methaemoglobinaemia occurred in 2 infants given a folk remedy containing ethyl nitrite.Despite treatment with methylthionium chloride 1 infant died.1
1. Chilcote RR, et al. Sudden death in an infant from methemoglobinemia after administration of “sweet spirits of nitre”. Pediatrics 1977; 59: 280–2.
Published May 08, 2019.