Deoxyribonucleic Acid

Synonyms: ADN; Animal Nucleic Acid; Desoxirribonucleico, ácido; Desoxypentose Nucleic Acid; Desoxyribonucleic Acid; Desoxyribose Nucleic Acid; DNA; Thymus Nucleic Acid.
Cyrillic synonym: ДНК; Дезоксирибонуклеиновая Кислота.


Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid in which the pentose sugar moiety of the nucleotides is deoxyribose, the purine bases are adenine and guanine, and the pyrimidine bases are cytosine and thymine. Hydrogen bonds between complementary pairs of purine and pyrimidine bases link 2 polynucleotide strands, which are twisted to form a double helix with the bases on the inside of the structure and the sugarphosphate backbone on the outside. Pairing of bases between complementary strands of DNA is always the same: adenine with thymine and cytosine with guanine. DNA is present in cell nuclei and its function is to carry the genetic material of cellular organisms and DNA viruses. It also provides the template for the production of ribonucleic acid. For the role of DNA in gene therapy. Proprietary preparations of DNA are marketed in some countries for a variety of debilitating and convalescent conditions; the sodium and magnesium salts of DNA have also been used.


Proprietary Preparations

Arg.: ADN; Ital.: Placentex; Rus.: Derinat (Деринат). Multi-ingredient: Fr.: Adena C†; India: Placentrex.
Published May 08, 2019.