Cottonseed Oil

(rINN)

Chemical information

Algodón, aceite de; Bomullsfröolja; Coton, huile de; Cotton Oil; Gossypii oleum; Gossypii Oleum Latin; Gyapotmagolaj; Ol. Gossyp. Sem.; Oléo de Algodoeiro; Oleum Gossypii Seminis; Puuvillansiemenöljy; Vilnamedžiu aliejus.
CAS — 8001-29-4.

Pharmacopoeias.

In USNF, which also includes hydrogenated cottonseed oil. Eur. includes only the hydrogenated oil.

Ph. Eur. 6.2

(Cottonseed Oil, Hydrogenated; Gossypii Oleum Hydrogenatum). Obtained by refining and hydrogenation of oil obtained from seeds of cultivated plants of various varieties of Gossypium hirsutum or of other species of Gossypium. It consists mainly of triglycerides of palmitic and stearic acids. It is a white or almost white mass or powder which melts to a clear pale yellow liquid when heated. M.p. 57° to 70°. Practically insoluble in water; very slightly soluble in alcohol; freely soluble in dichloromethane and in toluene. Protect from light.

USNF 26 (Cottonseed Oil). The refined fixed oil obtained from the seed of plants of various varieties of Gossypium hirsutum or of other species of Gossypium (Malvaceae). It is a pale yellow, oily liquid, odourless or nearly so. Slightly soluble in alcohol; miscible with carbon disulfide, with chloroform, with ether, and with petroleum spirit. Store in airtight containers at a temperature not exceeding 40°. Protect from light. At temperatures below 10° particles of solid fat may separate from the oil and at about 0° to −5° the oil becomes a solid or nearly so.

USNF 26 (Hydrogenated Cottonseed Oil). It is obtained by hydrogenating Cottonseed Oil and consists mainly of triglycerides of palmitic and stearic acids. A white mass or powder that melts to a clear, pale yellow liquid when heated. M.p. 57° to 70°. Practically insoluble in water; very slightly soluble in alcohol; freely soluble in dichloromethane and in toluene. Store in airtight containers. Protect from light.

Profile

Cottonseed oil is used as an oily vehicle. An extract of cottonseed oil, gossypol, has been tried as a contraceptive in males.
Published May 08, 2019.