Citicoline Sodium

(USAN, pINNM)
Synonyms: Citicolina sódica; Citicoline Sodique; Natrii Citicolinum. Cytidine 5′-{sodium P′-[2-(trimethylammonio)-ethyl] hydrogen diphosphate}, inner salt.
Cyrillic synonym: Натрий Цитиколин.

💊 Chemical information

Chemical formula: C14H25N4NaO11P2 = 510.3.
CAS — 33818-15-4.

Pharmacopoeias.

In Chin.

💊 Profile

Citicoline is a derivative of choline and cytidine that is involved in the biosynthesis of lecithin. It is claimed to increase blood flow and oxygen consumption in the brain and has been given in the treatment of cerebrovascular disorders, parkinsonism, and head injury. It is given by intravenous or intramuscular injection in doses of up to 1 g daily or orally in divided doses of 200 to 600 mg daily. Citicoline sodium has also been used.

Cerebrovascular disorders.

Citicoline has shown some short- to medium-term benefit for disturbances of memory and behaviour associated with cerebrovascular disorders.1
1. Fioravanti M, Yanagi M. Cytidinediphosphocholine (CDP choline) for cognitive and behavioural disturbances associated with chronic cerebral disorders in the elderly. Available in The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Issu
2. Chichester: John Wiley; 2005 (accessed 09/05/06).

Strabismus.

Experimental studies have shown that centrallyacting drugs such as citicoline may improve vision in patients with amblyopia. However, their role in clinical practice remains to be established.1
1. Chatzistefanou KI, Mills MD. The role of drug treatment in children with strabismus and amblyopia. Paediatr Drugs 2000; 2: 91–100.

💊 Preparations

Proprietary Preparations

Arg.: Complegel Novo; Neuriclor†; Nimo-Somazina; Reagin; Somazina; Austria: Startonyl; Braz.: Somazina; Chile: Somazina; Fr.: Rexort†; Indon.: Brainact; Bralin; Cibren; Lancolin; Neulin; Nicholin; Soholin; Takelin; Ital.: Brassel; Cebroton; Cidilin; Citifar†; Cition†; Difosfocin; Flussorex; Gerolin; Kemodyn†; Link†; Logan; Neurex; Neuroton; Nicholin; Nicolsint; Sinkron; Sintoclar; Jpn: Nicholin; Mex.: Onquevit; Somazina; Philipp.: Nicholin; Somazine; Port.: Hipercol; Somazina; Startonyl; Trausan; Spain: Numatol; Somazina; Thai.: Somazina; Venez.: Somazina. Multi-ingredient: Arg.: Neuriclor Vascular†; Nimodilat Plus; Nimoreagin; Nivas Plus; Reagin Vascular.
Published April 13, 2019.