Cinchona Bark

(rINN)

💊 Chemical information

Chinae Cortex; Chinarinde; Chininmedžiu kůra; Cinchona; Cinchonae cortex; Cinchonae Succirubrae Cortex; Jesuit’s Bark; Kiinankuori; Kinabark; Peruvian Bark; Quina; Quina Vermelha; Quino, corteza del; Quinquina; Quinquina Rouge; Red Cinchona Bark; Vöröskínafa-kéreg.

Pharmacopoeias.

In Eur..

Ph. Eur. 6.2

(Cinchona Bark). The whole or cut, dried bark of Cinchona pubescens (Cinchona succirubra), of C. calisaya, of C. ledgeriana, or of its varieties or hybrids. It contains a minimum of 6.5% of total alkaloids, of which 30 to 60% are quininetype alkaloids. It has an intensely bitter, somewhat astringent taste. Protect from light.

💊 Profile

Cinchona contains a number of alkaloids, including two pairs of optical isomers: quinine and quinidine, and cinchonine and cinchonidine. Cinchona alkaloids have long been used for their antimalarial activity either singly, as quinine or quinidine, or in mixtures, such as totaquine. Quinidine is also used for its antiarrhythmic properties. Cinchona bark is used as a bitter and is also employed in herbal remedies.

Homoeopathy.

Cinchona bark has been used in homoeopathic medicines under the following names: Cinchonae cortex; China; China pubescens; China rubra; Cinchora succirubra; China officinalis; Cinchona officinalis; Cinc. of.

💊 Preparations

Proprietary Preparations

Ital.: Venustas Antiforfora†. Multi-ingredient: Arg.: Bifena; Austria: Brady’s-Magentropfen; China-Eisenwein; Ferrovin-Chinaeisenwein; Mariazeller; Braz.: Gastrogenol†; Fr.: Quinimax; Quintonine; Ger.: Amara-Pascoe; Cardibisana†; Gastrol S†; Hepaticum-Medice H†; Hicoton†; Majocarmin forte†; Majocarmin mite†; Ital.: Chinoidina†; Pol.: Melisana Klosterfrau; S.Afr.: Borstol Cough Remedy; Versterkdruppels; Switz.: Vin Tonique de Vial†.
Published April 01, 2019.