Centaury

(USAN)

💊 Chemical information

Centáurea menor; Centaurée, petite; Centaurii herba; Centaurii Minoris Herba; Ezerjófu˝; Petite Centaurée; Rohtorantasappi; Širdažoliu nat’; Ziele centurii.

Pharmacopoeias.

In Eur..

Ph. Eur. 6.2

(Centaury). The whole or fragmented dried flowering aerial parts of Centaurium erythraea. It has a bitter taste. Protect from light.

💊 Profile

Centaury is used as a bitter, including for appetite loss and dyspepsia.

Hepatotoxicity.

A report1 of hepatotoxicity possibly associated with the use of Copaltra, a herbal preparation marketed as an adjunct in the treatment of diabetes mellitus and containing centaury and Coutarea latiflora (copalchi) (Rubiaceae). A further 5 cases had been reported to the French pharmacovigilance network.
1. Wurtz A-S, et al. Possible hepatotoxicity from Copaltra, an herbal medicine. Ann Pharmacother 2002; 36: 941–2.

💊 Preparations

Proprietary Preparations

Cz.: Nat Zemezluce†. Multi-ingredient: Austria: China-Eisenwein; Eryval; Magentee St Severin; Mariazeller; Braz.: Camomila; Cz.: Naturland Grosser Swedenbitter†; Stomaran; Fr.: Diacure; Tisane Hepatique de Hoerdt; Ger.: Amara-Tropfen; Canephron; Leber-Galle-Tropfen 83†; Montana N; Stullmaton†; Ital.: Assenzio (Specie Composta)†; Centaurea (Specie Composta)†; Genziana (Specie Composta)†; Rus.: Canephron N (Канефрон Н); Herbion Drops for the Stomach (Гербион Желудочные Капли); Original Grosser Bittner Balsam (Оригинальный Большой Бальзам Биттнера); S.Afr.: Amara; Clairo; Spain: Natusor Hepavesical†; Odisor†; Switz.: Gastrosan; Phytomed Gastro†; Tisane pour l’estomac.
Published February 24, 2019.