Bromine

(BAN, USAN, rINN)

💊 Chemical information

Brom; Bromo; Bromum.
Chemical formula: Br2 = 159.808.
CAS — 7726-95-6.

Description.

Bromine is a dark reddish-brown, heavy, mobile liquid that gives off intensely irritating brown fumes.

💊 Adverse Effects

Bromine is intensely irritating and corrosive to eyes and mucous membranes; it may cause severe gastro-enteritis if swallowed. Contact with the skin can produce severe burns, and inhalation of the vapour causes violent irritation of the respiratory tract and pulmonary oedema.

💊 Treatment of Adverse Effects

Milk or antacids should be given as soon as possible following ingestion of bromine. Gastric lavage is not recommended. If bromine vapour has been inhaled, oxygen should be administered and assisted ventilation may be necessary. The use of prophylactic corticosteroids for laryngeal and pulmonary oedema is controversial. Splashes on the skin and eyes should be immediately washed off; washing under running water should continue for at least 15 minutes.

💊 Uses and Administration

Bromine is widely used in industry. It was formerly used, in the form of an adduct with a quaternary ammonium compound, in the treatment of plantar warts.
Published January 25, 2019.