💊 Chemical information
Bergamot Essence; Bergamota, aceite esencial de; Oleum Bergamottae.
Pharmacopoeias.In Fr. and It.
Bergamot oil is a greenish or brownish-yellow volatile oil with a characteristic fragrant odour and a bitter aromatic taste, obtained by expression from the fresh peel of fruit of Citrus bergamia (Rutaceae). Constituents include linalyl acetate and 5-methoxypsoralen and photosensitivity reactions have occurred following the topical use of preparations containing bergamot oil. Bergamot oil is used in perfumery and as a flavour in Earl Grey tea. It has been included in some preparations for upper respiratory-tract disorders and hyperhidrosis. It is also used in aromatherapy.
◊ Muscle cramps have been reported1 in a patient who drank up to 4 litres of ‘Earl Grey’ tea daily.
1. Finsterer J. Earl Grey tea intoxication. Lancet 2002; 359: 1484.
Multi-ingredient: Fr.: Ephydrol; Ital.: Bergacid; Philipp.: Kamillosan M; Switz.: Perskindol Classic.
Published January 13, 2019.