Azadirachta

(USAN)

💊 Chemical information

Margosa; Neem; Nim.

💊 Profile

Azadirachta is the dried stem bark, root bark, and leaves of Azadirachta indica (Melia azadirachta) (Meliaceae), which has been used as a bitter. It is widely used in South Asia and has been reported to have insecticidal, antimalarial, and spermicidal properties. Azadirachta oil (neem oil, margosa oil) expressed from the seeds has also been used.

Adverse Effects.

EFFECTS ON THE SKIN. Report of a patient who developed contact dermatitis of the face and ears 1 week after she started using neem oil for the treatment of alopecia areata.1
1. Reutemann P, Ehrlich A. Neem oil: an herbal therapy for alopecia causes dermatitis. Dermatitis 2008; 19: E12–E15.
POISONING. Severe poisoning in Indian children given neem oil as a remedy for minor ailments.1
1. Sinniah D, Baskaran G. Margosa oil poisoning as a cause of Reye’s syndrome. Lancet 1981; i: 487–9.

Uses.

INSECT REPELLENT.
1. Prakash A, et al. A preliminary field study on repellency of neem oil against Anopheles dirus (Diptera:Culicidae) in Assam. J Commun Dis 2000; 32: 145–7.

💊 Preparations

Proprietary Preparations

India: Nimbola†; Malaysia: Moz-Away; UK: Nice ’n Clear. Multi-ingredient: India: Flexi-muv; NZ: Mr Nits; UK: Dr Johnsons Nit & Lice; MozzyOff Cocktail.
Published January 03, 2019.