Arnica

(USAN)

💊 Chemical information

Árnica; Arnica, fleur d’ (arnica flower); Arnicae Anthodium; Arnicae flos (arnica flower); Arnikablomma (arnica flower); Arnikinkukka (arnica flower); Arnikový květ (arnica flower); Arniku Koszyczek arniki (arnica flower); Leopard’s Bane; Mountain Tobacco; Wolf ’s Bane; Wolfsbane.

Pharmacopoeias.

In Eur..

Ph. Eur. 6.2

(Arnica Flower; Arnica Flos). It consists of the whole or partially broken, dried flowerheads of Arnica montana. It contains not less than 0.4% w/w of total sesquiterpene lactones expressed as dihydrohelenalin tiglate, calculated with reference to the dried drug. It has an aromatic odour. Protect from light.

💊 Profile

Arnica is generally used in the form of the flowerheads of Arnica montana (Compositae). Arnica flower is irritant to mucous membranes and when ingested has produced severe symptoms including gastrointestinal and nervous system disturbances, both tachycardia and bradycardia, and collapse. Tincture of arnica may cause dermatitis when applied to the skin of sensitive persons. Preparations of arnica flower and arnica root are used as astringents for topical application to unbroken skin in conditions such as sprains and bruises; such preparations are not considered suitable for internal use. Arnica flowers are the source of arnica oil, which has been used similarly. Herbal preparations containing arnica are available for oral use.

Homoeopathy.

Arnica has been used in homoeopathic medicines under the following names: Arnica montana; Arnica, Flos; Arnica montana e flore; Arnica montana ex herba; Arnica, Planta tota; Arnica montana ex planta tota; Arn. mont. Some homoeopathic preparations are available for oral use.
1. Leivers K. Unravelling the confusion around arnica’s herbal and homoeopathic use. Pharm J 2005; 275: 289–91
2. Kouzi SA, Nuzum DS. Arnica for bruising and swelling. Am J Health-Syst Pharm 2007; 64: 2434–43.

💊 Preparations

Ph. Eur.: Arnica Tincture.

Proprietary Preparations

Arg.: Herbaccion Desinflamante†; Austral.: Sports Ice Bruising Relief; Belg.: Arnican; Chile: Arnikaderm; Fr.: Arnican; Pharmadose teinture d’arnica; Ger.: Arnikatinktur; Arthrosenex AR; Doc; Enelbin-Salbe; Hyzum N†; Vasotonin†; Mex.: Balsamo Nordin; Estimul; Port.: Arnigel; Singapore: SinEccH; UK: Arnicare; Atrogel. Multi-ingredient: Arg.: Fluido; Austral.: Joint & Muscle Cream; Percutane; Austria: Arnicet; Asthmatee EF-EM-ES; Berggeist; Cional; Dynexan; Heparin Comp; Rheuma; Sportino Akut†; Belg.: Algi-Cool; Purigel Crisp; Purigel NF; Braz.: Dermol†; Traumed†; Chile: Lefkaflam; Matikomp; Cz.: Arnidol; Heparin-Gel†; Fr.: Arnicadol; Creme Rap; Decramp; Dermocica; Evarose; Lelong Contusions†; Ger.: Arnikamill†; Cefawell†; Combudoron; Dolo-cyl; Essaven Sport†; Gothaplast Rheumamed AC; Heparin Comp†; Heparin Kombi-Gel†; Heusin†; Lindofluid N; Retterspitz Ausserlich; Retterspitz Quick; Rhoival†; Sportino Akut; Stullmaton†; Trauma-cyl; Varicylum-S; Venengel†; Vitosal†; Hong Kong: New Patecs A; Ital.: Flebolider; Flodolor; Venalta; Malaysia: Arnica Comp†; Mex.: Reudol; Pol.: Arcalen; Arnisol; Dentosept; Dentosept A; Emorect; Escalar; Prostapol; Reumobonisol; Stomatosol; Uroprost; Venoforton; S.Afr.: Arnica Massage Oil; Combudoron; Dynexan; Lotio Pruni Comp cum Cupro; Muscle Rub; Wecesin; Spain: Arnicon†; Encialina†; Switz.: Combudoron; Eubucal†; Euceta avec camomille et arnica; Fortacet; GU Eau†; Onguent aux herbes Keller; Perskindol Cool Arnica; Topaceta; Wecesin†; UK: Hansaplast Herbal Heat Plaster; Profelan; Venez.: Andantol Jalea; Biomicovo†; Gelsem.
Published December 27, 2018.