Synonyms: Adenosina, trifosfato de; Adenosine 5′-Triphosphate; 5′-Adenyldiphosphoric Acid; Adenylpyrophosphoric Acid; ATP; Trifosadenina; Triphosadénine. Adenosine 5′-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate).
Cyrillic synonym: Аденозинтрифосфат.
💊 Chemical information
Chemical formula: C10H16N5O13P3 = 507.2.
CAS — 56-65-5.
ATC — C01EB10.
ATC Vet — QC01EB10.
Pharmacopoeias.Ger. includes the disodium salt (C 10 H 14 N 5 Na 2 O 13 P 3 = 551.1).
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is an endogenous adenine nucleotide with a fundamental role in cellular energy transformation; ATP is hydrolysed to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) releasing energy stored in phosphate bonds. In addition, extracellular ATP influences many biological processes. ATP is a vasodilator that has been used in varied disorders. The sodium and disodium salts have been used in cerebral and peripheral vascular disorders and also for the treatment of supraventricular tachycardias, although adenosine is the form generally used as an antiarrhythmic. ATP has also been investigated for use in cachexia in patients with cancer.
1. Agteresch HJ, et al. Adenosine triphosphate: established and potential clinical applications. Drugs 1999; 58: 211–32.
Arg.: Atepadene†; Fr.: Atepadene; Striadyne; Hong Kong: ATP-Daiichi; Jpn: Adetphos; Philipp.: Nutaphake; Rus.: Fosfobion (Фосфобион)†; Spain: Atepodin. Multi-ingredient: Cz.: Laevadosin†; Indon.: Enerplus; Myoviton; Vitap; Spain: Refulgin.
Published November 04, 2018.